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China's Xi to welcome Australian PM Albanese in Beijing


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China's Xi to welcome Australian PM Albanese in Beijing

by AFP Staff Writers
Beijing (AFP) Nov 6, 2023
Chinese leader Xi Jinping will welcome Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese to Beijing on Monday, a high-water mark in their nations' ties following years of tensions that cut billions of dollars in trade.

Beijing is Canberra's biggest trading partner, but relations plummeted in 2020 after Australia's then-conservative government barred Chinese tech giant Huawei from 5G contracts and called for an inquest into the origins of Covid-19.

A furious Beijing then slapped punitive tariffs on a slew of Australian commodities ranging from coal, to barley, to wine as the relationship descended into a deep freeze.

But China has reversed course since Albanese took power in May last year, lifting most of its restrictions on Australian goods and saying it wants "healthy and stable" ties.

Ahead of the talks in Beijing on Monday, Albanese -- the first Australian leader to visit China in more than seven years -- said he saw "promising signs" that relations were improving and predicted a "constructive discussion" with Xi.

"We've already seen a number of the impediments to trade between our two nations removed," he said.

"China is our most important trading partner," he added.

"It represents more than 25 percent of our exports, and one in four of our jobs relies upon our trade. So it's an important relationship."

But the Australian prime minister has previously acknowledged the need to remain "clear-eyed" about the differences between the two countries, and has aired his view that they are not strategically aligned.

"We need to cooperate with China where we can, disagree where we must, and engage in our national interest," he said Monday.

Beijing has bristled at Australia's security pact with the United States and Britain, and rebuked its decision to purchase nuclear-powered submarines -- widely seen as an effort to parry Chinese military might in the Asia-Pacific.

Albanese, for his part, has spoken up on behalf of nations' right to self-determination, as well as human rights and maintaining peace -- including in the Taiwan Strait, which separates China from the self-ruled island it regards as part of its own territory.

- 'Benign partner' -

Albanese has warned that China does not see itself as a power in favour of the "status quo".

But analysts say high-level meetings this week will see Beijing project itself as a "benevolent and benign partner" welcoming a wayward friend back to the fold.

"China won't want to dwell on criticisms of its economic coercion or hostage diplomacy," Courtney Fung, scholar in residence with the Asia Society Australia, told AFP.

Last month, China released Australian journalist Cheng Lei after three years in detention on opaque espionage charges.

The sons of Australian writer Yang Jun -- who has been jailed in China since 2019 on spying accusations -- have asked Albanese to raise his case and achieve the same "miracle" for their father.

Analyst Yun Sun said Beijing would be keen to present "the trip as Australia recognising its previous mistakes".

"It will portray Albanese as being on the right side of history and making the correct choice for the sake of (Australia's) economy, especially export industries, including its wine industry," said Sun, of the Washington-based Stimson Center.

"That will be the Chinese narrative."


Artificial Intelligence Analysis

综合评分:国防产业分析师:8股市分析师:6通用行业分析师:7

综合分析摘要:本文报道了中国国家主席习近平将于周一欢迎澳大利亚总理安东尼·阿尔巴内斯到访北京,标志着双方几年来的紧张关系取得了高水平的和解。这次访问是7年以来澳大利亚的首位领导人访问中国。文章指出,北京是堪培拉最大的贸易伙伴,但2020年,澳大利亚当时的保守政府禁止中国科技巨头华为参与5G合同,并要求对新冠病毒的起源进行调查,这导致双边关系降至最低点,中国对澳大利亚的煤炭、大麦、葡萄酒等商品征收了惩罚性关税。自去年5月阿尔巴内斯上台以来,中国已经撤销了对澳大利亚商品的大多数限制,并表示希望双边关系“健康、稳定”。文章提出,中国和澳大利亚在一些重要问题上具有分歧,但在经济方面,双方仍然有共同利益,两国都将致力于促进贸易和投资往来。

本文涉及的主要趋势和事件与过去25年的航天和国防产业发展有关。中国作为澳大利亚最重要的贸易伙伴,25%的出口和四分之一的就业机会来自两国的贸易往来,但中国一直在反对澳大利亚与美国和英国签署的安全协议,并谴责澳大利亚购买核动力潜艇的决定。此外,在中国实施新的贸易政策,加强国防和航天技术研发之前,澳大利亚也曾经对此表示担忧。调查问题:

  • 中国为什么对澳大利亚实施惩罚性关税?

  • 中国实施新的贸易政策和加强国防和航天技术研发的目的是什么?

  • 中国和澳大利亚在经济方面有什么共同利益?

  • 澳大利亚与美国和英国签署安全协议的意义是什么?

  • 中国与澳大利亚之间可能会出现什么样的未来影响?

    This AI report is generated by a sophisticated prompt to a ChatGPT API. Our editors clean text for presentation, but preserve AI thought for our collective observation. Please comment and ask questions about AI use by Spacedaily. We appreciate your support and contribution to better trade news.


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